Sadow Parish 2010

Sadow Parish 2010

Saturday, August 6, 2011

A Little Synopsis From the Koschentin Forester's Book

Here is the author of the book entitled: W LESNIEJ DOLINIE MALEJ PANWI written by Czeslaw Tyrol of Koschentin/ Koszecin.  The book was published in 2006 and he was in the process of writing a "sequel" to it.  That's a funny term but I love how the people of Koszecin are so willing to write about the historical facts and stories of the town.  I only wish in a language that I could read. :( But I have the books anyway and am happy that I do.
Below is the newer church in Koschentin.

At Jan’s house his neighbor came as shown in the first picture. In Polish he told me a little about what occured in Koszecin in the late 1800's.  I took notes like crazy as Danuta translated.  I am sure I missed a lot of what was said, but I am writing what was in my trip notes below.

 There are 800 square km of woods between Tanowitz and Lublinitz.  A small part is private forests and the most of that are along the river Lesnica were also under the care of the foresters.  The care of the wood cutting, and clearing was the work of the foresters.  They plan what to do with the forests for 10 years in advance as to the tree cutting and planting.
In the forest office of Brusiek is the centre for Ecological Education, with 1,800 items in the collection.   They are famous for things used in the past in the forest, different types of wood, small herbs and various other artifacts.  The stories tell of animals which used to live in the woods, a sort of bison, birds, bobcat, moose, wolves.  The woods of Lublinitz, belonged to Prince Hohenlohe and they collected animals and put them in one place as many of them as possible in special buildings.  They kept deer, elk, 4 wild boars and many varieties of deer.  The fence was all made of small logs of pine tree wood.  Logs were attached to poles which were made of oak trees.  Wire was seldom used for fences because of the danger to the animals.  The remains of the fence can be seen west of Koschentin where there are fragments with handmade nails.  From some documents and oral words there were about 8 barns and fenced places in the woods.  Owners wanted to achieve lots for little money spent and with as little work as possible.
They also wanted to show off the homes of the bulls, deers and the trophy “racks”.  In the barns more and more animals were kept with little food.  They were fed with potatos, acorns and specially prepared pancakes with anise and dill.  One of these places west of Nastecko Slask, including Lubliniec had 3400 hectors.  In different periods 150-500 big animals  such as deer and Daniels(?) were kept.  Even though they were given the food they completely ate the plants and the young trees and destroyed them.  To renew the woods and to make  better conditions they reduced some of the animals.
Because the animals had no contact with other animals they got sick in their lungs and their legs became paralyzed and weak.  In Jebliniec and Jelona in the spring, the foresters collected racks.  So once in a few years the racks (for the deers, etc) were judged in a little castle called “Hunter’s castle”.  Comparing them from same animals.  At that time they would record a description of how old, fat and so forth the beasts were.  The foresters observed where food was placed and everyday the foresters would beat a spoon on a bucket and the animals would come and eat.
Krywald had a hunter’s castle. (lodge)  The foresters of Koschentin, the bottom man and other foresters of Wiersbie were Figiel and Sons. 
The strongest male animals were shot by nobles and their guests in hunts and the weakest by the foresters.  There was one bull that was tame and called Bloody Hanis by the foresters and put in a barn and got out and was seen by women bikers on the way to Kalety.  Several times with his horns he would open the fence and freed himself.  This went on like this till 1905 when he was finally shot. 
In another barn was used for hunting with nets.  In the 1880’s this barn was established in Jelona.
In the forest service there were 36 foresters.  In the woods near Cieschowa-Irki-Koschentin Gralla worked. This author is now working on a 2nd book.  I sent a picture of Franz Gralla to him in which he is wearing his forestry uniform.  The son of the man pictured on page 32 of the book told him about Franz Gralla.  The grandson on page 48 lives in Kalety.
The lodge had stuffed eagles and many racks shown on page 32 of the book on the top.
The deer called the Danila or Daniela was an Asian type of deer with a very large rack.
3 Km from Irki-Koschentin Hohenlohe had a “Tier Garten” or little zoo in a barn.
Prince Hohenlohe has a grave near the church which is the most modest looking of all the graves in Kraubath, Austria, where he died. He had a particular bench where he sat at the church.  He was a good man in Koschentin and there also.  In Kraubath he lived in a forest house in the woods by a little stream.  The closest shop was 3 km away and twice a week he took a rucksack to go shopping.  He would go on the same day at exactly the same hour each time.  He would always stop and talk to the children in front of the shop giving them money and sweets.
When the author Cieslaw’s uncle died in the 2nd World War, the prince gave the family 100 marks.  Jan says in Koschentin, if anyone had a cow and it died, he would give money to them.  One worker in the woods, used to own a horse and it died and was given another work horse.  When Christmas time came, he took a horse wagon and visited every home and gave them gifts and money.
Before Cieslaw wrote the book he visited the old people who turned out to be a well of knowledge.  His brother is writing a book in Lubliniec about the “Robin Hoods” of this area.  It will be printed in English and German!  So hopefully I will be able to get a copy of the book and get in a little reading!

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