Sadow Parish 2010

Sadow Parish 2010

Monday, February 7, 2011

Ulfiks of Koschentin/Koszecin and Irkau

Written by Josef Alexander Ulfik (20 Feb 1892-4 Dec 1982)
Translated by Sonja Nishimoto and Erika Stefanski

After the Second World War, during the search for records of the earlier times of our village of Koszecin, I saw the scribbled records in Sadow and Koschentin and found all my forefathers and was able to go back to the times of the 30 Years' War. This caused me to find all my family that was recorded in the books.

Everyone with the name of Ulfik, I have written and I have recorded everything that I was able to find prior to the 30 Years' War.

Our Father in Heaven gave us the commandment to honor our father and mother. He that obeys this commandment, troubles himself to also find his forefathers and find out about how they lived.

For this reason I ask all to search out their ancestors, not only for themselves but rather for their descendants. This is also the reason why I made this record.

The line of our forefathers. All those who have the name of Ulfik in their ancestry, should know that in all wartimes an immigration took place. This happened with every war.

During the 30 Years' War many families were separated and often lost to one another. The children were raised by different people and later did not know who their parents were and also didn't know their real names. The war was caused due to religious beliefs and many people showed the beliefs in various ways.

At this time Nieder Schlesien belonged to the Hapsburgs. They called themselves at that time "Catholic disciples" and didn't let on that people of the Lutheran faith lived in the area. The Lutheran people came from England, Sweden, Norway, Holland and Denmark. They came to help their brothers of belief to fight in Silesia and in Czechoslavakia. As a result there was a horrible war which lasted 30 years. Because of this long war there was much need and all people were impoverished. The people suffered both in body and soul.

As the Lutheran troops entered Ober-Schlesien, a Danish soldier from the Protestant army under General Mansfeld, born in the area of Stralsund, which at this time belonged to Denmark, whose name was Jakob Ulfik, a Protestant, met a young woman named Cecilja Warwas from Harbultowitz, married her, and settled down in this town.  This is a portion of information that was handed down through verbal stories and through the parish records at Sadow. I will write all the extracts from the parish register to record the family lines.

FIRST GENERATION

The 30 Year War ended in 1648. Jakub and Cecilia married and had 2 sons which were recorded in the Catholic books in Sadow. The first son, Marcin, was born 1645 and Jan in 1650. They lived in Harbultowitz.

SECOND GENERATION

Jakub's oldest son, Marcin married in 1670 to Marianna neé Nawrat of Harbultowitz. From this marriage came 3 children, Jan, Marcin, and Elzbieta. The mother-in-law of Marcin died on 3 Mar. 1712. The father-in-law died on 26 Dec. 1714.

THIRD GENERATION

The oldest son of Marcin and Maryanna neé Nawrat, Jan, married in 1694 with Marjanna Zaslanek of Harbultowitz. From this marriage were born two children, Pawel, born 1698 and Adam, born on 25 Dec. 1703.

FOURTH GENERATION

The oldest son of Jan and Marianna neé Zaslanek, Pawel, married Jadwiga Silek on 15 Feb. 1724 in Harbultowitz. The younger brother, Adam, married Regina Maska in Droniowitz.

From the marriage of Pawel was one son by the name of Szymon and from the marriage of Adam was the daughter, Katarszyna, born on 17 Nov. 1731, Maciej, born on 31 Jun. 1733, Maryjanna, born 20 Oct. 1736 and Barthlomej, born on 27 Apr. 1742, all in Harbultowitz.

FIFTH GENERATION

Szymon, the only son of Pawel and Maryjanna neé Zaslanek, married Zofja Jemielonek. From this marriage there were the following children: Maciej, born 3 Sep. 1741, Katarzyna, born the 12th Nov. 1744, Ambrozy, 27 Sep. 1746 and Andrezej, born (?) all in Droniowitz.

SIXTH GENERATION

Maciej, the oldest son of Szymon and Zofji neé Jemielonek married Helene Wieczorek at about the age of 30 years. Helena was born 28 Feb. 1749 in Sadow. She was the daughter of Anton and Maryjanna neé Tobai. The marriage was on 19 Feb. 1770 in Sadow. From this marriage were born: Michal, born on 27 Sep. 1775, Marcin, 9 Nov. 1780 and Antoni, 12 June 1783 in Harbultowitz. The oldest son of this marriage, Michael, served in the Prussian army from 1795-1801. This was the time in Prussia of a horrible ruler for all who lived in Oberschlesien. The important overseer of this time was over everyone, and all worked for him and also the army was called to help. Not only were they to work but also to keep care of the land. The father of this family died in Droniowitz in the age of 75 years.

SEVENTH GENERATION

Michael, the son of Macieja and Helena Wieczorek married Agnieszka Pilot who was born on 9 Jan. 1783 in Koschentin and they settled there and lived on the street today known as Beuerning. Barnowskiej Nr. 8. The marriage took place on 21 Jan. 1802 in the church St. Marcin in Czieschowitz.

From this marriage the following children were born:

1. Thomas born 28 Feb. 1805
2. Karolina born 10 Apr. 1807
3. Wojciech born 16 Apr. 1810
4. Ludwik born 26 Aug. 1813
5. Maciej born 18 Feb. 1817
6. Andrzej born 4 Feb. 1821

The mother of this family died 1828 at the age of 45 years. The only daughter of this family married in 1829 and so the father had no one to care for his family and so he married again to the Josepha, widow of Paul Woclawik. The marriage took place on 2 Feb. 1830. He died on 4 Apr. 1840 at the age of 65.

EIGHTH GENERATION

In the 8th generation are the children of Michal and Agnieszka neé Pilot, the six children in order are:

Thomas, the oldest son of Michal and Agnieszka neé Pilot. Thomas, was born on 28 Feb. 1805 married with Marja Goniwiecha, born 22 Aug. 1808. Their marriage took place on 17 Nov. 1833. From this marriage came the following children:

1. Karol born 7 Nov. 1834
2. Marja born 20 Nov. 1836
3. Jozefa born 25 Mar. 1840
4. Wojciech born 21 Apr. 1843
5. Franciszek born 9 Mar. 1845, and died 8 days later.
6. Jadwiga born 17 Oct. 1846
7. Andrzej born 20 Nov. 1850
8. Piotr born 29 Apr. 1854 and died on 25 May 1855

Karolina, the second child and only daughter of Michal and Agnieszka Pilot.  Karolina, was born on 10 Apr. 1807 and married Thomas Kandzia of Irkau, who was born on 10 Dec. 1805, son of Wojciech (Albert) Kandzia from Irkau.

Because the Kandzias of Irkau go back to the 18th century in Irkau and because through the marriage of Thomas and Karolina are related to the family of Ulfik, therefore, I will also give their ancestry. There was a Marcin Kandzia who already lived in Irkau before his marriage. He married Eva Kupris on 13 Sep. 1722. He was the father of Wojciech who died on 24 May 1814. The ancestors of Kandzias always lived in Irkau. The marriage of Thomas Kandzia and Karolina Ulfik was on 25 Oct. 1829. From this marriage the following children were born.

1. Marja born on 20 Aug. 1830
2. Jozef born on 27 Nov. 1832
3. Josefa born on 27 Nov. 1834 and married to Valentin Gralla of Irkau.
4. Karolina born 4 Mar. 1840
5. Magdalena born 6 Dec. 1844
6. Zusanna born 20 Nov. 1846
7. Jan born 24 May 1852

These are the children of Karolina and Thomas Kandzia which come from Irkau. (transcriber note:  When in Poland in 2010, Jan Ulfik and I went to find the Gralla home in Irkau.  We were surprised to find that the Ulfiks and the Grallas were next door neighbors in Irkau.)

Wojiech, the 3rd son of Michal and Agnieszka Pilot born on 10 April 1810 and married Franciska Panok born on 28 Mar. 1815. The marriage was 16 Nov. 1835. From this marriage the following children were born:

1. Andrzej born on 6 Jun. 1837 and died on 10 Jun. 1860
2. Marjanna born on 2 July 1839
3. Rozalja born 29 August 1846 died 10 Apr. 1853
4. Wincenty born 19 Jul. 1848
5. Augustyn born 19 Jan. 1852 died 20 Jul. 1853
6. Antoni born 10 August 1854
7. Janina born 6 August 1856
8. Agnieszka born the 25th Sep. 1858
9. Konstanta born 18 Sep. 1865

These are the lines from Wojciech, the 8th generation.

Ludwik was a son of Michal and Agnieszka Pilot born on 26 August 1813 who married Elzbieta Krus. She was born on 10 Oct. 1810 and married on 11 Feb. 1838.  From this marriage were the following children:

1. Jozefa born on 14 Apr. 1845
2. Franciszek born on 10 Feb. 1852
3. Franciszka born on 7 Oct. 1854. married with Franciszek Nanska from Koschentin-Piasek
4. Karolina born on 30 Dec. 1857
5. Zofja born on 25 Sep. 1860
6. Augustyn born on 7 Apr. 1863

The mother of this family died on 18 Nov. 1879. The father of this family, Ludwik, died on 9 Mar. 1915. He was 101 years, 6 months and 13 days old. He died in Koschentin-Piasek.

Maciej, the 5th child of the marriage of Michal and Agnieszka Pilot born on 18 Feb. 1817, married Teresa Skiba born 22 Oct. 1820, the daughter of Josef and Katarszyny Glowoc in Oct. 1839.  From this marriage came the following children:

1. Franciszek born on 10 August 1841, and died right following the birth.
2. Josefa born on 28 Jan. 1843 and died right following the birth.
3. Albina born on 14 Dec. 1844
4. Franciszka born on the 10th Aug. 1848, and died right after the birth.
5. Marja born 29 Mar. 1850
6. Jan born on 24 Sep. 1852
7. Jozef born 12 Jan. 1855 and died in the Military in 1877.
8. Franciszek born on 29 Jul. 1857
9. Karolina born on 11 May 1860
10. Franciszka born 23 Sep. 1862

This is the 8th generation of Maciej. The mother of this family, Teresa Skiba, died on 30 Mar. 1876 at the age of 56 years. The father of this family, Maciej, died on 23 Jan. 1888 at 71 years.

Jozef, the 7th child of this family served in the Prussian army on the Russian border. He was overcome and seriously injured. He died in the year 1877.

Andrzej, the 6th and youngest son of Michal and Agnieszka Pilot was born on 4 Feb. 1821 and worked many years as a church employee as the sexton in Lipinach till 1894.

In the year 1893 in Lipinach the pastor and the Kaplan passed away under which Andrzej served for many years. The new pastor let him go for the reason that he was too old. It was also due to retirement pay. Now Andrzej had no work and also no income. He had no one and lived out a poor life from the handouts of other people.

The 9th generation

From the further generations of Maciej, there were 2 sides, the oldest son of Michal and Agnieszka Pilot.

Wojciech, the 4th son of Thomas and Marji Goniwiecha, was Wojciech (Albert) born on 21 Apr. 1843, married to Sophie Maslalerz, born on 13 Oct. 1843, on 21 Aug. 1865. From this marriage were the following children:

1. Marta born ? 1867
2. Marcin born 12 Nov. 1868
3. Marjanna born 2 Oct. 1870
4. Antoni born 28 Aug. 1872 and died 10 Apr. 1874
5. Agnieszka born 9 Jan. 1874 and died 10 Apr. 1874
6. Anna born 24 Mar. 1875
7. Anastazja born 25 Feb. 1877
8. Klara born 11 Apr. 1879
9. Waleska born 16 Apr. 1881
10. Franciszek born 29 Mar. 1883
11. Wawszyniec born 9 Sep. 1886

These are the children of Wojciech, the son of Thomas.

Andrzej, the 7th child of Thomas and Marji Goniewiecha, was Andrzej or Andreas, born on 20 Nov. 1850 married to Tekla Hoinca, born 1855 and married 1873. They lived in Koschentin on Stare Baronowski Nr. 8. From this marriage were the following children:

1. Marja born 10 July 1874 and died 10 days after birth
2. Jozef born 27 Jun. 1876 and died 10 days after his birth
3. Jozefa Julija born 10 Oct. 1879 and died 10 Nov. 1882
4. Franciszek Jozef born 6 Feb. 1882

The father of this family Andrzej died very early and his wife Tekla married a second time to Jan Stefaniego. From this marriage there were 3 daughters and they all died early and 1 son, Wiktor, was born in 1896.

9th generation

Maciej was the 5th son of Michal and Agnieszka Pilot and had the following children:

Albina, the 3rd born of Maciej and Teresa Skiba was Albina, born on 14 Dec. 1844. When Albina was 34 years old, Josef Watala introduced her to the 33 year old Josef Puchaly of Biezyna, district of Klobuck and wanted her to marry him. At first Albina did not want to marry him but through the urging of her father, Maciej, she married him on 2 Feb. 1878 and they moved away to Biezyna which was under Russian control. Immediately from the beginning of her marriage there were difficulties with the mother-in-law, Pucholy. The difficulties were cleared by Albina's father, Maciej, who married Mrs. Pucholy and they moved to Irkau. They sold wares in Irkau, but were not able to do so for long.  In the meantime, her son, the husband of Albina, Jozef Puchala, was a slovenly man of low morals. Therefore, there was always unrest and problems. Because of this bad life and her homesickness for her home, Albina died in 1894 at the age of 50 years.

From this marriage are 4 daughters and one son. A few years after the death of Albina, Puchala had a dishonest business dealing with some Jews regarding horses. He was hung. That was the biggest misfortune of this generation.

Marja,  the 5th child of Macieja and Teresa Skiba was Marja, born on the 29th of March 1850. She married the miner, Josef Wieczorek when she was 22 years old. Wieczorek was 23 and lived in Lipinach. The marriage took place in Koschentin on 20 Jul. 1873. From this marriage was only one daughter and the mother died in June 1882 in Lipinach at the age of 32.

Jan, was the 6th child of Maciej and Teresa Skiba, born on 24 Sep. 1852 and married Maria Hoinca who was born on 28 Aug. 1862 in Psarack, the daughter of Josef and Karoline Razik. The marriage took place in Koschentin on 24 October 1879.  From this marriage there were the following children:

1. Marja, born on 13 Dec. 1880
2. Aloysy born on 13 Jun. 1882
3. Agnieszka Paulina, born on 2 Jul. 1884
4. Franciszek Ignacy born on 10 Oct. 1885
5. Wiktor Maciej born 23 Feb. 1887
6. Cecilie Teresa born 30 May. 1889
7. Andrzej Mikolaj born 29 Nov. 1890
8. Josef Aleksander born 20 Feb. 1892
9. Alojzy Jerzy born 9 May 1893 + 14 May 1893
10. Elzbieta Katarzyna born 2 Nov. 1894 and died 1 Jan. 1911
11. Anna born 28 Jun. 1896
12. Hieromin Alfons born 19 Jul. 1898 did not return from the war in 1918.
13. Karol Wilhelm born 6 Jan. 1900
14. Son born 25 Jun. 1901
15. Son born 7 Dec. 1902
16. Daughter born on 7 Dec. 1902
17. Daughter born on 8 Nov. 1905

The father of this family had an accident in 1906 in Woznikach. As he was driving a wagon with straw, they horses shyed and as he tried to stop them he fell and ripped his kidney. He was sick for a long time and died on 25 Dec. 1906 in Irkau at the age of 54.

Franciszek, the 8th child of Maciej and Teresa Skiba was born on 29 Jul. 1857. He didn't work. His father, Maciej, wrote his money over to his daughter, Marja. When the daughter died, he wrote the money to the children of his only daughter, Marja, who was married to Wieczorek of Lipinach. As the father Maciej became ill, Franciszek cared for him. In January 1888, the father, Maciej, died. Franciszek was with him as he died and the money which had been set aside for the children disappeared. There was a trial as a result. But they couldn't determine anything and Franciszek did not admit to anything and they couldn't prove that he had done it.  Regardless, Franciszek had money, he was a salesman and had money in the bank. As the First World War broke out he lost all his money in the bank and he lived in great poverty and very much alone. He died in Kochlowicach on 26. Aug. 1933 in the age of 76 years.

Karolina, was the 9th child of Maciej and Teresa Skiba born on 11 May 1860. At the age of 19 years, she married Karol Dziuk, who was 24 years old. The marriage was performed on Nov. 1879. From this marriage came the following children:

1. Jan born Nov. 1880
2. Zofja born 2 Nov. 1882
3. Wincenty born 22 Jul. 1885
4. Anna born 15 May 1888
5. Berta born 16 Jun. 1893
6 Jerzy born 24 May 1901

Franciszka, the 10th child and youngest child of Maciej and Teresa Skiba, was born on 23 Sep. 1862 and married at 21 years of age with the farmer Jan Waclawek. The marriage took place on 26 Nov. 1883. From this marriage there were the following children:

1. Karol born 20 Feb. 1885
2. Franciszek born 5 Jan. 1887
3. Jozef born 30 Jan. 1888
4. Sofja born 27 Jan. 1892
5. Marja born 19 May 1894
6. Anna born 16 Sep. 1897
Two more children.

The 10th Generation

At the end of the 9th generation and at the beginning of the 10th, Tekla was the sister of our mother and therefore I have included her in our ancestry.

Marja

The oldest of Jan and Marja Hoinca's children, Maria, was born on 13 Dec. 1880. Already as a child, she worked on the farm of her parents in Irkau. She went to school in Cieschowa. As her brothers and sisters grew up, she went to work for rich people in the city. She married a Metal worker, Jozef Smudy, who was born on 26 Feb. 1881. The marriage took place on 7 Sep. 1908 in Koschentin and they lived in Labecach-Gleiwitz. From this marriage were four children.

Alojs,  was the 2nd born of Jan and Marja Hoinca, born on 13 Jun. 1882 in Lipinach at the time of the burial of Marja Wieczorek, sister of Jan. She died on 20 Jul. 1888 of Scarlet fever.

Agnieszka, was the third daughter of Jan and Marja Hoinca, born on 2 Jul. 1884 in Irkau. She went to school in Cieschowa.  When she finished school, she went to her parent's farm and then for a long time she was with her aunt in Opole. She married Pawel Czaja. He was a Metalworker in Zawadzkiem. The marriage took place 29 Jan. 1905 in the parish of Sw. Trojcy (Trinity) in Koschentin. From this marriage there were four children.
Franciszek, the 4th child of Jan and Marja Hoinca was born on 10 Oct. 1885 in Irkau. The school he went to was in Cieschowa. When he was done with school, he worked with his father in the fields until he was taken into the military. This was in 1905 and he served in the 156th infantry Regiment in Brieg. At this time, his father had an accident and died on 25 Dec. 1906. The mother had many small children to care for on the farm and tried to get her son released from the military. Because she also had some older children at home, she was not able to have him come home.

After a two year service in 1907, he was released from the military and took over the farm of his father in Irkau. But there were disagreements with the mother because of his brothers and sisters and so he left the farm and found work in Zabrze as a miner. After a while, he discovered that he liked farming better than mining in the dark mines. He met the widow Lucja Dresser of Piasek and on 19 Aug. 1912, they married in Lubschau where he stayed on the farm and raised her four children from the first marriage and 1 from the 2nd marriage.

Wiktor, the 5th child of the marriage of Jan and Marja Hoinca, born on 23 Feb. 1887 in Irkau was Wiktor. He went to school in Cieschowa. After his release from school he went to a 3 year apprenticeship as a smith in Opole. After his apprenticeship he worked as an apprentice with his father until his father died. The oldest brother was not released from the military after his father's death and so Wiktor had to come home and work on the farm. In 1907 Franciszek was released from the military and Wiktor was called into the military. He served in the cavalry in Berlin for 3 years. After his military service he opened his own blacksmith shop in Wojtowej-Gleiwitz.

As the war broke out in 1914, he had to go to defend the country. After his release from the military, he worked at a workplace for the trains in Gleiwitz. On Oct. 22, 1918 he married Janina Gilner, born on 17 Dec. 1895. From this marriage there were four children.  According to reports he bought a house and a blacksmith shop in Chroposzowie and moved to that village and worked as a blacksmith. He died at the age of 71 on 24 Oct. 1958.

Cecilja, was the 6th child of Jan and Marja Hoinca and was born on 30 May 1889, in Irkau. She went to school in Cieschowa. After her school release, she was at home and worked for some rich people. As her sister-in-law, Lucja, passed away, she went to her brother, Franciszek, and led his household in Piasek.

Later, she married the farmer, Josepf Potempa, in Piasek, who was born on 2 May 1887. They were married in Koschentin on 30 Sep. 1919. From this marriage there were five children.  The father of this family died on 20 Jul. 1964 at the age of 77 years. The mother died on 20 Feb. 1972. She was 83 years old.

Andrzej, was the 7th child of Jan and Marja Hoinca and was born on 29 Nov. 1890 in Irkau. He attended school in Cieschowa.  After his schooling, he worked with his father on the farm. As his older brother was serving in the military and was released, and came home. Andrzej left the home of his parents and worked in Zabrze in a coalmine.  He was not called to the military. At the time of the Second World War he was called in to serve as an auto transporter. They lived in Gliwice at that time of  Andrzej's death on 18 Jul. 1961 at the age of 71 years.

Jozef, was the 8th child of Jan and Marja Hoinca, born on 20 Feb. 1892 in Irkau. He also went to school at Cieschowa. On 20 Apr. 1906, he was finished with his schooling and worked at the farm of his parents. In 1907, he was an apprentice as a glazier in Lublin. After 3 years as an apprentice, he took his exam as glazier and he worked in the kingdom glass works in Reichenbach or Chorzow, today Dziorzanow, and in Jauer, now Jawar in Niederschlesien. Oct. 1912 he was called for two years military service and served in the artillery in Leszno. As he was almost finished with this service, the war broke out in 1914, so instead of going home, he went to the war. As the war ended, in 1919, he went from the German army into the Polish army in Poznan.  In 1920, he was released from the military, and he lived and worked in Poznan. He married Eleonora Wesalowska, who was born on 31 Dec. 1898 in Mosinie, daughter of Franciszka Weselowski and Marta Simon. The marriage was in the church at Niepokalonego on 26 Oct. 1920. From this marriage came nine children.

Alojzy, the 9th child of Jan and Marja Hoinca was Alojzy born on 9 May 1893 and died on 14 May 1893.

Elzbieta, the 10th child of Jan and Marja Hoinca was born on 2 Nov. 1894 in Irkau. She attended school in Cieschowa. She died on 1 Jan. 1911 at the age of 17 years due to diptheria.

Anna, the 11th child of Jan and Marja Hoinca was born on 28 Jun. 1896 in Irkau and went to school in Cieschowa. After she finished her schooling she helped her mother in the home and later worked in the home of rich people. She married a farmer named Marcin Potempa of Sleczkowo-Piasek, born on 11 Nov. 1889. The marriage took place in Koschentin on 30 Sep. 1919.  From this marriage were 5 children. The father of this family died on 8 Jan. 1954 at the age of 65 years. The mother died on 24 Aug. 1979 at the age of 83 years.

Hieronomin, the 12th child of Jan and Marja Hoinca was born on 19 July 1898 in Irkau and went to school in Cieschow. He concluded his schooling as a shopkeeper and at the onset of the W.W. I.was pulled into the military. He was severely wounded and died on 12. Jan. 1918 in a hospital in Köln-Lindenthal.

Karol, the 13th child of Jan and Marja Hoinca was born on 6 Jan. 1900 in Irkau and went to school in Cieschowa and in Koschentin. After ending his schooling, he learned the occupation of smith and with the onset of World War I, he worked in a train works station in Gleiwitz and worked there until old age. He married Gertruda Wainczyk born on 8 Nov. 1904. The marriage took place on 1 Jun. 1927 at Lagiewikach church in Lubecko.  From this marriage were two children.  The wife Gertruda died on 1 Aug. 1932 in Lublinu-Steblow.

Karol married a second time with Agnieszka Grabinska born on 1 Jan. 1913. The marriage took place on 25 Feb. 1933 in Lubecko. From this marriage were seven children.  The father of this family died on 7 Jul. 1979 at the age of 79 years.

The remaining children for respect to the rights of privacy rule have been eliminated from this report.

The Most important events of the 19th century:

Much good came from the West for the families and what we still have in our memories will become lost if it is not written down. This is very important for the 10th generation of this family.

The farm of Maciej of the 8th generation in Irkau came under the ownership of his son, Jan in 1879.

In the year of 1889, a part of Irkau, was very damp and would grow no crops. It was a wooded area which you can still see today.

In July of 1896, a home and bakery burned while they were baking bread. The house was very old and still had a thatched roof. But because everything was insured, the house and bakery was rebuilt in the next year. This time they were built of bricks.  Irkau was very damp and because of this dampness, very little grew. In the year 1902, a Canal was built and therefore the profits were much higher.

Our shed was of wood and because of this we had the chance to raise it one meter. In the year 1906, the father of this generation had an accident in Woznikach. He wanted to load straw and the horses spooked. He wanted to calm them and hold them firmly. But was thrown and slid by the cart and injured his kidneys badly. He was very sick and died on 25 Dec. 1906 in Irkau at the age of 54.

He was survived by 4 children which were school age, and three children which had not yet started their schooling. The oldest son served in the military. The son, Wiktor, worked as a smith in Gleiwitz. When Andreas was 16 years old, Josef finished his schooling in this same year. The mother made efforts to get her oldest son released from the military but because she still had her son Wiktor at home, who was 20 years, she was not able to gain a release for her son from the military. A a result, Wiktor came home and took care of the property.  In September 1907, Franciszek was released from the military and came home. At the same time, Wiktor was called into service and Jozef went to Lublin to apprentice as a cartwright. In the next year, Andrzej went to Zabrze and worked in the coalmines. Franciszek was now with the mother, his sister and the smaller siblings at home.

In the next while, there were difficulties between Franciszek and his mother due to the younger siblings and so he left the family and drove to Zabrze to Andrzej and worked also in the coalmines.  After Franciszek left his mother, she sold the farm (which was 54 morgen of land) and received 18000 Mark for it. This money in 1909 went to Franciszek Lesche.  The mother bought a house in Koschentin and lived there with her minor children. She died on 4 May 1921 at the age of 58 years. Franciszek discovered the difference between his work at the coalmines and the healthier and selfmanaging work of farming on a farm. In the year 1912, he married the widow Lucja Dresser of Piasku, who had a farm and raised her four children of her first marriage.

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